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Fauna Protection and Rational Use, Game Husbandry, Reserve Management and Studies

Reserve Management and Studies

One of key elements of sound environment is preservation of natural ecosystems and landscapes.

In Belarus this goal is achieved by creating specially protected natural territories (reserves, national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, natural landmarks).

So far Belarus has Bereza Biosphere Reserve, 4 national parks (Belovezhskaya Puscha, Braslav Lakes, Narochansky and Pripyatsky) and 85 national sanctuaries. Besides, there are 353 local sanctuaries and 853 natural landmarks. The protected lands account for 7.7% of the total area of Belarus.

The operation, protection and management of the protected territories, preservation of natural ecosystems, biological and landscape diversity, determination of the main promising areas of development and management of the protected areas are regulated by the National Strategy of Development and Management of Protected Areas and Scheme of the Rational Distribution of Protected Areas both active by 1 January 2015.

Pursuant to Presidential Decree #146 of 6 March 2008 the State Program of Development of Protected Areas of Belarus 2008-2014 was drafted and adopted based on the above-noted documents.

Taking into consideration great tourism potential and natural appeal of the protected areas local executive committees as agreed upon with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection set up special management facilities at the reserves. They include 21 state agencies managing 23 national sanctuaries. The main purpose of the agencies is to develop ecotourism, one of the most promising types of tourism.

Preservation of flora and found species listed in the Red Book of the Republic of Belarus is another priority of Belarus. Efforts are taken to take stock, detect and protect the habitat of endangered species. As of 1 January 2010, some 2,612 wildlife habitats were taken under protection (1,653 fauna and 959 flora habitats). To protect European Bison an Action Plan for Preservation and Rational Use of European Bison 2009-2013 was developed.

Fauna Protection and Rational Use

Wild animals are an essential element of the natural environment and biological diversity, as well as an important component of ecosystem regulation and stabilization.

For preservation and rational use of animal species Belarus has been maintaining a fauna registry and implementing a range of programs aimed at sustainable use of wildlife.

Consistent implementation of comprehensive measures under the Sate Program of Game Husbandry Development, Republican Program of Fishery Development and law enforcement in the area of wildlife protection and management resulted in a constant increase in husbandry resources and fish stock restoration.

Thus, over the last three years the total number of wild ungulate animals grew by 18.5% to reach nearly 132,000 (the moose deer population grew by 18.6%, that of deer – by 6.6%, roe deer – 8.5%, wild boar – 32.9%).

According to estimates, the total fish stock in Belarus’ fisheries is 17.92 thousand tonnes.

Since 2006 commercial catch grew more than 1.8 times and reached 1070 tonnes in 2008, an increase of 19.9% as compared to 2007. The amateur catch totaled 7,800 tonnes.  There is a stable upward trend in fish catch both commercial and amateur.

To ensure rational management of wildlife, hunting and fishing facilities of Belarus have been regularly inspected.

Scientific assesment of efforts for conservation eel in the Republic of Belarus