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Waste Treatment

The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection has been taking measures stipulated in the consolidated policy on waste treatment and ensuring development and implementation of plans and events on waste treatment. 

Together with the local authorities the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection has been constantly monitoring waste treatment, preventing disposal of secondary material resources, detecting unauthorized waste disposal sites, analyzing duly approved household waste treatment schemes and optimizing regional waste treatment schemes.

Recycling production waste contributes to consolidation of the resource capacity of the country.

In 2010, production waste in the Republic of Belarus totaled 43.78 million tonnes with large-capacity waste accounting for the vast majority of the overall production waste (about 27.8 million tonnes of halite waste and clay-salt slurry; 746.8 thousand tonnes of phosphogypsum).

In 2010, about 80% of the total waste was recycled (except for halite waste and clay-salt slurry). Animal and plant waste is widely used in farming and woodworking industry.

There is a stable upward trend in household waste recycling (from 16% in 2009 to over 25% in 2010).

The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection has been coordinating implementation of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Republic of Belarus and
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal.

With a view to implementing provisions of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants Presidential Decree #271 of 26 June 2011 endorsed a National Plan of Meeting Obligations under Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants for 2011-2015. Now the plan is being implemented.

As before, the main strategic goal of the National Plan 2011-2015 remains protection of human health and environment from exposure to persistent organic pollutants. 

Based on the analysis of the situation in the area of persistent organic pollutants the Belarusian authorities developed measures on implementation of the National Plan of Meeting Obligations under Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants for 2011-2015.

The funds for implementation of the National Plan are provided by the environment protection fund, state budget, own funds of organizations.  
Besides, to implement the National Plan 2011-2015 Belarus expects to get international technical assistance to fund a number of projects, including elimination of the Slonim repository of obsolete pesticides; collection, removal and ecologically sound disposal of PCB-containing equipment and waste; establishing and updating a unified database of persistent organic pollutants, pesticides, facilities and territories contaminated by pesticides; PCBs; POPs sources; POPs concentration in the environment.

In pursuance of the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal and in connection with the establishment of the Customs Union between Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection has been taking part in the process of harmonization of nontariff regulation measures in terms of environment (transboundary waste movement).

In accordance with decision #19 “On single nontariff regulation of the Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia” by the governments of these three countries of 27 November 2009, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection is responsible for issuing permits for transboundary waste transportation.

In pursuance of Presidential Decree #450 “On licensing of certain types of activities” of 01.09.2010 the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection is responsible for licensing activities related to natural resources management and environmental  impact related to the use, decontamination and disposal of 1-3 class hazardous wastes.