Well-organized and systematic environmental activities are key to sustainable socioeconomic development and ecological safety of a country.
With a view to achieving goals of the International Decade for Action Water for Life 2005-2015 and UN Millennium Declaration, Protocol on Water and Health to the Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes, the Ministry of Natural Resources adopted a Water Strategy of the Republic of Belarus by 2020 outlining the main issues and setting the goals of Belarus in the area of water management and protection which have to be addressed taking into consideration the next stage of the socioeconomic development of Belarus.
Owing to the consistent state policy in the area of water management and protection the last three years have seen a significant reduction in waste water damped in the environment (by 40 mn m3).
According to statistics over the last five years the water intake in Belarus fell by 7.6%, consumption of fresh water fell by 12%, sewage disposal was cut by 8.5%.
Today over 98.6% of water intake is measured by water meters resulting in a 13.6% reduction of the household water consumption over the last two years.
The average daily water consumption fell from 214 to 184 liters per capita.
Minsk and Minsk Oblast remain Belarus’ biggest consumers of water consuming 37% of water from water sources, 42% and 33% of surface and underground water respectively.
Over the last two years the general state of such rivers as the Dnepr, Zapadnaya Dvina, Nioman and Pripiat have been greatly improved (especially their biogenic elements). There are signs of stabilization of the Zapadny Bug.
Owing to the reconstruction, upgrade and construction of sewage treatment plants the man-made burden on water resources have been greatly reduced. In the last five years 49 sewage treatment facilities were put into operation in line with the Clear Water Program and with the assistance from the local and national funds of environmental protection.